Home > Glossary

Egyptian cornice
A type of cornice with a particular profile: the upper part is concave, and below is a rounded projection. This type of cornice was common in Egyptian architecture and was used in tombs of the First Temple period (such as the ‘Tomb of Pharaoh’s Daughter’) and of the Hellenistic period (such as the Kidron Valley monuments).

A site in Middle Egypt, known for the ancient royal archives discovered there in 1887. It contained five hundred and forty clay tablets, on which were letters from kings of Syria and Palestine to Pharaoh Amenhotep III (fourteenth century BCE).

Execration Texts
Groups of potsherds and clay figurines found in Egypt. They were intended to be smashed at a special ritual ceremony, and then, as the Egyptians believed, the places and rulers whose names were inscribed on them would be accursed. A group of potsherds from the nineteenth century BCE and a group of humanoid clay figurines from the eighteenth century BCE, found at Thebes and Saqqara, bear, among others, names from Canaan, including that of Jerusalem.

Back to top